There is a category of dogs that are worshiped by almost all people, without exception. And it’s not about their good looks, rarity, exclusivity, or royal ancestry. These dogs have earned respect for their heroic deeds and noble character. The whole world knows St. Bernards as rescue dogs. Many human lives have been saved and saved thanks to them. They work in the most difficult conditions, overcome unthinkable obstacles, overcome cold and pain just to reach their goal.
Back in the 11th century, a monk named Bernard founded a shelter for pilgrims here, which was named after him. At that time, the shelter was considered one of the highest inhabited places, it was located at an altitude of more than 2,400 meters above sea level.
When exactly this happened remains unknown. And the first documentary records of the use of rescue dogs date back to the beginning of the 18th century. Moreover, it was reported that the dogs are well adapted to the local climate and know their job very well. Accordingly, they appeared in the monastery long before the 18th century.
There is an assumption that this is the result of crossing Great Danes with Mastiffs. But, the St. Bernards of the 18th century were somewhat different from those that we see today. Three centuries ago, they were less massive and more mobile. They were distinguished by their ability to find people under a thick layer of snow.