Dog owners should make it a rule to spend 5 minutes a day examining the dog. Since the health problem must be identified as quickly as possible. The best time for this will be the moment you return from your walk. Or take a moment when your pet wants to rest. What should be checked?
Ears: The inside of the ear should be clean and pale pink. There should be no wounds and inflammations, pus, and discharge.
Eyes: clear and clean without corneal clouding. The eyelids should be fully open. There should be no purulent discharge, constant lacrimation.
Nose: clean, no plaque, no discharge.
Mouth: The gums should be pale pink in color. If they are too pale, it could be a sign of anemia or dehydration. Bluish tint – poor blood circulation. Yellowness – jaundice is possible. If you press on the gums with the tip of your finger, they should quickly turn pale, and within 2-3 seconds, restore their color.
Teeth: Take a good look at the front and molars from the outside and inside. They must be clean. No plaque, no signs of tartar deposits. The dog should not have heavy breathing and increased salivation. The gums at the base of the teeth should not be red, painful, or bleeding.
Feet: The toenails should be in good condition and should not be split, broken, or too long. The pads on the feet should be rough to the touch, without wounds, cuts, or cracks.
Torso: Stand behind the dog and slide along the sides. The ribs should be visible but covered with a thin layer of fat.
Coat: short, long, smooth, or harsh, depending on the breed of the dog. The coat should still look and feel healthy, tangle-free, free of dirt and bald spots.
Skin: Spread the coat and examine the skin. It should move easily over deeper tissues, warm to the touch, not hot, cold, or sticky. There should be no traces of dandruff, signs of itching, any sores, or redness.
Genitals: They should be clean, free of contamination, foul odor, and secretions.
Lumps: Watch out for any lumps that appear on the body. Track all changes that occur to existing ones. Check for any changes or signs of growth.
Constant monitoring: Try to keep an eye on the dog when you play with it, when it sleeps, eats, drinks. All changes in behavior must be noted and monitored.