Border Collies are intelligent and obedient, but not from birth. Without proper influence on the behavior of the pet, he will grow up naughty, with bad habits. The future behavior of the Border Collie puppy depends on the upbringing. An obedient dog will not jump on people, beg for food, try to bite, apply its shepherd instincts to people.
To achieve the greatest success, you should start training the border collie as early as possible, already at 3-4 months. The earlier the training starts, the better and faster the results will be. It is important to develop a good relationship with the dog, which must obey out of respect for the owner-leader. Sensitive border collies will refuse to obey if abused. Representatives of the breed strive to please the owner, while they should not be afraid of him.
Some Rules in Training: Pet Training
It is important to pay attention to the pet’s body language, to notice signs of fatigue, loss of concentration in time, in order to rest. Consider how long the border collie can concentrate on the task at hand. Most pets have enough concentration for 10-15 minutes. Short workouts of 5-10 minutes give the best results. In addition, climatic conditions affect. In the heat, the training time is shortened, and in the winter they can be longer.
Distractions such as barking, passing cars, and bystanders can affect training performance. Therefore, at first, the place for training is chosen calm, without unnecessary fuss, familiar to the dog, so that it does not have a strong desire to explore the territory.
Consistency is the key to successful learning. Commands should be pronounced clearly and always in the same intonation, with a confident, firm tone. Any change in the pronunciation of the command and the pet will think that they are trying to teach him a new command. The host is always the initiator of games and training.
To prevent the pet from confusing the commands, each exercise must be practiced 3-4 times in a row. It is necessary to ensure that the pet connects the command and the action, using voice, gestures, and, of course, motivation.
Good motivation for completing a task, namely learning something, is a reward in the form of a treat or a toy. The animal should enjoy the learning process. A complex task is divided into many simple ones, as a result, the border collie will cope with the task faster. You should always end your workout on a positive note.
In the training of the border collie, the handler has a tremendous influence. In the hands of an inexperienced trainer, the potential of excellent dogs can be overwhelmed, and conversely, in the hands of a master, even a timid Border Collie will become a first-class working dog.
Stages of Training a Border Collie
Before you start training a border collie, you need to make sure that the pet knows its name. You can help your baby remember his name by calling him by name during the game, calling for a walk, or feeding.
The very first step in training is to teach your pet to run after its owner. At the same time, emit a thin whistle or pronounce the command and stroke, praise the dog when it runs up.
Next, you need to teach the puppy to sit and lie on command and until a new command is given. A hiss can be used as a sound signal. Ideally, your pet should learn to lie down quickly or sit down on command. It will take a lot of repetitions before you can get the desired result.
At the further stage of training, they walk together with the dog and periodically stop it. Learn the command “stand”, “come to me” and other simple but important commands.
From 6 months, the exercises are complicated, while they do not forget to work out the commands already studied. From 12 months, they introduce the study of tricks, for example, bring a newspaper, open the refrigerator, plunge deeper into sports discipline if you plan to play sports with your pet.
Raising a border collie is not only about mastering obedience skills, but also about putting the pet physically and mentally on a daily basis, otherwise the pet will show signs of destructive behavior, for example, digging, gnawing. Therefore, every day the pet needs 1-2 hours of exercise, games, long walks. Keeping the animal busy, as well as strengthening trust between yourself and the pet, can be through constant learning something new, go in for sports, for example, dancing, frisbee. Border Collies love to learn.
Herding Instinct: Herding Dog Training
The Border Collie was originally bred as working dogs for herding sheep. One dog can easily handle a job that would require 8 people to complete. Animals help to drive sheep from pasture to pasture, bring stragglers into the herd, drive them out of bushes, drive them from the corral to corral.
The Border Collie’s instincts will show up even if it is not possible to train the dog to graze. Pets will drive children, other animals, and even vehicles. This behavior begins to be seen at 6 months of age. The puppy will try to bite or pinch the heels. Such attempts should be stopped immediately. For this, the animal must learn to execute the command “No” or “Don’t”. Socialization is important so that the pet understands how to behave around people.
Working with sheep requires a serious approach, practice gives success. Therefore, testing should be carried out in a timely manner for the presence of a shepherd’s instinct on a specialized basis.
The puppy is allowed to the sheep when he masters the basic skills so that the owner has the opportunity to control the pet when meeting with animals. All simple commands “Lie down”, “To me”, “Stop”, “Stand up” should be performed without hesitation, quickly.
When training young individuals, a small number of sheep are used. Since dogs are inexperienced, sheep selection matters. Less suitable are sheep intended for obtaining meat (clumsy) and dairy sheep (the udder interferes with running). The best are sheep with undeveloped muscle mass, no signs of fat, but hardy enough, because they have to run, and do not require special care.
When working with sheep, a whistle or voice commands, hand gestures help. In training border collies, it is recommended to use a whistle, since its sound is much farther audible than the voice and it is easier to give sound commands.