A puppy is usually purchased at the age of 6-10 weeks, until this moment the breeder is already independently preparing him for a new life, that is, he begins the process of socialization, teaches him/her to a collar and a leash, to a toilet.
Irish wolfhound puppies grow up to 2 years old, rapidly gaining weight and height every month. It should be noted that females grow slower than males, but the difference is insignificant. Babies are born weighing more than 400 grams, but after a month and a half, their weight is more than 6 kg.
A Place for an Irish Wolfhound Puppy
A sleeping place should be better organized in a corner, where the dog will not be distracted or disturbed by anything during rest and sleep. The place should be comfortable, bright, protected from drafts, away from heating and heating appliances. The lounger can be purchased at the pet store or sewn on your own, but in any case, the cover must be removable, which will keep the place clean. The bed must be made of durable materials, meet the requirements of practicality and durability, otherwise torn pieces will remain from the bed. The size of the litter should be appropriate for the dog.
If it is not supposed to live in a country house, and the dog has no access to the inside of the house, then a spacious aviary and a warm booth should be built. The puppy cannot be kept on a leash. It should be remembered that in winter it is better not to leave the puppy on the street, because he should spend his strength on growth, and not on warming up.
Keep electrical wires out of reach or the puppy may die from electric shock if the wire is chewed.
Feeding Irish Wolfhound Puppies
You should take care of a bowl for food and water, preferably made of stainless steel. Bowls should be placed on a special stand, positioned at chest level.
The time for feeding should be strictly defined, and the amount of food and the number of feedings is determined depending on the age of the baby. Feeding too often in large quantities will cause the puppy to grow quickly, resulting in poor skeletal and muscular formation. It is better if a large breed puppy grows longer.
Up to three months old, Irish wolfhound puppies are fed 4-5 times a day, from 3 to 6 months you need to feed three times a day with an interval of 5-6 hours between feedings. From 6 months, the energy requirement decreases, so the amount of food is reduced and they begin to feed 2 times a day. However, some babies need three meals a day at 6 months of age, it all depends on the degree of development.
The first few weeks after the change of residence, the puppy is fed the same as the breeder fed. Then you can transfer the baby to natural feeding or change the brand of dry food. The replacement is carried out gradually, over the course of a week, observing the reaction of the body.
The commercial feed should be designed for puppies, i.e. contain no more than 23% protein and 12% fat, the composition should not contain wheat and corn, other allergens, chemical additives. Dry food for puppies up to 5-6 weeks is given in a soaked form. It is better not to use canned food.
Components of natural feeding should be hypoallergenic products, in particular low-fat yogurt, kefir, cottage cheese, chicken meat, beef, meat offal, oatmeal, vegetables (potatoes can only be given in limited quantities). Too much-fermented milk cannot be given, while if fermented milk products are included in the diet, then additional calcium supplements are not needed. You can not give raw egg white, but the yolk can. If the baby repeatedly leaves food, malnourished, then it is reasonable to reduce the portion size.
Improper nutrition is the cause of curvature of the limbs, an excess of calcium is the cause of improper skeletal formation.
In the first year of life, an Irish wolfhound puppy needs vitamins and minerals, especially when naturally fed. The vitamin complex for giant dogs should be given based on the weight of the puppy, if the complex is designed for adult animals, then half the dose should be given. During the period of growth and development, there is a need for vitamins C and E, which must be given once a day or every few days.
Irish Wolfhound Puppy Care
Caring for an Irish wolfhound puppy consists of regular examination of the ears, mouth, bathing, combing, visiting the veterinarian.
It is better to comb the coat with a brush with soft bristles all over the body. In this case, you need to comb in different positions, that is when the baby is standing, sitting, lying. The kid should be calm about this procedure. It is necessary to shorten the fur on the face in a timely manner so as not to interfere with the eyes, otherwise, the pupils may not form properly.
You can wash it once every 1-2 years using special shampoos. Washing outside the plan is possible only if the puppy is very dirty and there is an urgent need for it. The puppy is usually washed in the bathroom (when living in an apartment); a rubber mat is always placed on the bottom of the bath so that the dog does not slip.
Caring for your ears involves not only examining but also cleaning with a special lotion (not water) and a cotton pad. Hair is plucked from the ears but starts with a couple of hairs a day so that the dog does not get hurt.
Enough once a week for general care, including combing, cleaning the ears, eyes, trimming the claws (claws should not be allowed to grow back too much). As you grow older, the mouth should be examined for tartar.
Routine vaccinations and deworming must be carried out. At 7-8 weeks they are vaccinated against plague, parvoviruses, leptospirosis, adenoviruses, parainfluenza type 2; at 12-13 weeks, revaccination against the aforementioned diseases and rabies vaccination is performed. Subsequent vaccinations are the same, vaccination is carried out annually (once a year).
Sleep and rest contribute to the best development of the Irish Wolfhound puppy. Therefore, you can not wake up the puppy if he is sleeping, too actively to play outdoor games with him, especially after eating.
Irish Wolfhound Walks
From six weeks, you can take the first walks, lasting a few minutes, gradually increasing the time of walks. You cannot be zealous with training until 6 months, let the puppy play, but you cannot give any additional physical activity, because the load affects the incorrect formation of the skeleton.
From 9 weeks physical activity is increased, the puppy is walked up to twice a day for 20 minutes while being allowed to play without a leash. After 15 weeks, walks can be longer than 20 minutes, at least an hour a day.
You should walk before feeding or two hours after feeding. During the hot period, walks are carried out early in the morning and late in the evening, when it is cooler outside. The puppy should not be loaded with exercise in hot weather.
Socializing Irish Wolfhound Puppies
Kids from an early age should get used to living among people, so as not to be afraid of some new situations, strangers and not to show aggression towards them.
The pet should not be afraid of extraneous sounds, if the animal lives in the house, then you need to acquaint him with everyday sounds, for example, with a telephone, doorbell, dishwasher, and TV sounds. When walking, it is important to introduce your pet to street noise – cars, lawnmowers, traffic lights.
An Irish wolfhound puppy should get to know as many people as possible, that is, distinguish between children, smokers, the elderly, people of different ethnic groups, with large details in clothes, for example, in hats, with bags.
If you have your own car, you should periodically make short trips with the puppy to avoid further problems with motion sickness.
You should ride in an elevator, walk on grass, hard, such as asphalt, rocky surface, soft carpet. Do not allow an Irish Wolfhound puppy to walk on slippery surfaces, climb and descend stairs, or climb tall objects.
It is important to accustom to other animals of different sizes so that in the future the Irish wolfhound puppy does not show a strong hunting instinct. Acquaintance with animals must be carried out on a leash, otherwise, the pet may chase small animals or suffer from large ones, for example, from horses. Until the baby is one year old, he should not be allowed to play with adult dogs, they can injure them or hurt the baby.
A puppy, like a child, gets tired very quickly, therefore, acquaintance with the outside world should be carried out gradually, not intrusively.
Raising an Irish Wolfhound Puppy
Upbringing requires consistency, patience, training should leave positive emotions, and most importantly, the puppy should be made clear from an early age who is the boss. Behavioral problems of disobedience appear between 6-8 months of age. During this period, one should be more persistent and patient, but not rude, seeking obedience with affection, encouragement.
It is important to train to the toilet, for this you need to observe the baby every time after eating and in the morning when he wakes up, noticing the anxiety to carry the puppy to the toilet and wait until he does his business. You cannot punish a baby for incontinence.
During the period of changing teeth, which begins at 3 months (by 8 months, the Irish wolfhound should have 42 teeth), the puppy may experience discomfort, he will want to chew on something. Therefore, so that the baby does not gnaw furniture, special hard, but not hard toys should be purchased for him, so that the puppy cannot bite through them and swallow small particles. When giving toys, you need to teach your pet how to play with them, there should not be a lot of them; it is important that the toys arouse interest, and not lie around. Attempts to gnaw on something that is not allowed should be immediately stopped.
If it is important that the Irish wolfhound puppy knows his place, then you need to immediately wean him from the desire to lie on the couch or bed. Jumping and running in the house should not be allowed. Leaving the baby alone, you need to save him from the temptations to steal a treat from the table, gut a garbage bag, gnaw on shoes, etc.
Should be accustomed to calm walks on a leash, if the situation so requires. Otherwise, it will not be easy to keep the matured huge wolfhound, it will simply drag it along. Therefore, if the breeder did not manage to teach the baby basic commands, to accustom him to a collar and a leash, then this should be done independently.
The correct behavior of an Irish wolfhound puppy is a guarantee of the owner’s peace of mind in the future because an ill-bred wolfhound is not a little mischievous and wayward Chihuahua, the damage from which is much less. Living in an apartment, an ill-bred huge animal will destroy everything that gets in the way. It depends only on the owner how the Irish wolfhound puppy will grow up, and if suddenly one day comes the realization that the dog is completely uncontrollable, and the thought that it was necessary to take another dog, then it is the owner’s fault, who did not appreciate all the responsibility for the big dog size and did not make the proper effort.