Pomeranian: Dog Breed Information

The little Pomeranian is characterized by a beautiful, uncommon appearance. Many dog ​​lovers are sure that this decorative dog is well aware of its beauty and can even admire its reflection in the mirror.


The Pomeranian is a dwarf species of German Spitz. The height of the breed at the withers, according to the FCI standard, is 18-22 cm.

Corps of Pomeranians in square format. The constitution of the dogs is dry and strong, the muscles are quite developed, however, the dogs are very graceful and compact. The Pomeranian has a small, neat head, a rounded muzzle, gradually tapering towards the nose, and a bit like a fox, black or brown nose (depending on color). The eyes are medium in size, set slightly obliquely. The expression in the eyes is lively and curious. Ears are miniature, triangular, erect. The tips of the ears are pointed. The tail is of medium length, fluffy, carried over the back, rolled into a ring. The limbs are strong, the paws are round and compact.

The coat of the Pomeranian is long, straight, thick, and slightly raised. There is a thick, soft undercoat. On the front of the legs, ears, and head, the hair is shorter and denser. Long hair on the neck forms a lush, very beautiful collar, and on the legs like pants.
The colors can be black, white, brown, gray, red & white, and others. In the presence of spots, the main color remains white. In general, the color palette is quite diverse.


It’s hard to find a dog with a more adorable personality than the Pomeranian. However, one should not expect absolute obedience and gravitation towards a sofa lifestyle from this breed. Yes, this pet looks like a stuffed toy, but in the soul of a Spitz is a real explorer with a brave heart and an unlimited supply of energy.

Pomeranian is incredibly playful and active, at any second he is ready to rush towards new adventures. This dog is confident and independent, but its loyalty to its owner deserves sincere admiration. Pomeranians are very strongly attached to their person, catch his mood at the slightest signs and often even begin to be jealous of the owner of others around him. But in relation to strangers, Pomeranian is distrustful and suspicious. This quality makes Pomeranian good watchmen.

When it comes to training, Pomeranians are intelligent dogs, but they tend to be somewhat stubborn, and training must be persistent and patient. Under no circumstances be aggressive with Spitz, as you will quickly lose his trust. This proud dog values ​​very much care and attention, and immediately reacts with distance to rudeness and bad treatment. Also, small but strong-minded dogs prefer to be leaders, and if you already have other pets, don’t be surprised if a tiny Pomeranian starts commanding the German Shepherd. And, believe me, he will succeed!

Pomeranians are ideal for active people who appreciate sociable, playful, and energetic pets.


A small dog of the Pomeranian breed requires frequent examinations and vaccinations. Check your pet for parasites, fleas, and allergic reactions. There is a list of diseases inherent in this particular breed:

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Dislocated kneecaps
  • Testicular tumor
  • The collapse of the trachea
  • Atlantoaccipital subluxation
  • Cataract
  • Retinal atrophy
  • Entropion


Pomeranians require careful grooming. Their thick coat requires daily brushing. Otherwise, tangles may form on it. Regular care requires the eyes and ears of the pet, which must be cleaned with damp cotton pads.

When bathing Spitz uses dry shampoos. Since the skin of pets often dries out. If you choose liquid products, then you need to give preference to mild shampoos and conditioners.

You also need to periodically trim your dog’s claws and brush her teeth.

Feeding Features

The Spitz’s diet should include meat. An adult pet is fed 2 times a day, and puppies up to 5 times.

It is customary to give 25 g of feed per kilogram of animal weight. Pomeranian menus should be based on beef and chicken. It is also necessary to serve fish at least 1-2 times a week. It is preferable to feed the animal with rice, oatmeal, and buckwheat cereals. Vegetables should also fill a small pet’s diet.

Small Pomeranian puppies will benefit from beef cartilage.


When looking at the Spitz, it seems that this decorative breed was bred by breeders specifically for beauty. However, the Spitz has an ancient history. Their ancestors – Fossil Peat Dogs – lived in the Stone Age, and such an ancient origin explains the unpretentiousness and good health of little fluffy “foxes”.

The dwarf Spitz variety is named after one of the regions in Germany where it is believed to have originated. The first breed lovers club was founded in 1935. Today there are several varieties of Spitz, but the dwarf (Pomeranian) Spitz is the most popular all over the world.

Alice White

Written by Alice White

Alice White, a devoted pet lover and writer, has turned her boundless affection for animals into a fulfilling career. Originally dreaming of wildlife, her limited scientific background led her to specialize in animal literature. Now she happily spends her days researching and writing about various creatures, living her dream.

Leave a Reply


Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *